Happy 2012 Everyone! Rio de Janeiro, just broke another record when hosting 2,5 million people at the legendary Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro. Below a HD Video of the Fireworks of the Copacabana Party too. How was the party like? Let us see how this all happened!
Astonished 2.5 million people attended the party which had 30 attractions divided among the four stages from the edge of Leme to Copacabana. Peace, joy and relaxation, beyond the novelty of cinematographic fireworks, marked the arrival of 2012 on Copacabana Beach - the largest outdoor event in the world - and also welcomed foreigners to the UN Rio+20 World Conference which is going to happen in Rio de Janeiro, between the 20th and 22nd of June, to discuss the environmental future of the planet.
About 2.5 million people from Rio de Janeiro, other Brazilian states, added from tourists from the most diverse corners of the world, according to estimates from the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro, were joyfully present at the Copacabana Beach, where about 30 artists performed.
According to the Special Secretary of Tourism of Rio de Janeiro, Antonio Pedro Figueira de Mello, the event's goal was met: "With the help of the population, we can make a good party, civilized and more environmentally conscious. Local and foreign audience showed sympathy and adherence to our campaign for a more sustainable planet. A party with the Carioca style", said Antonio Pedro.
One of the most beautiful highlights of the night was the “music synchronized with the fireworks”, signed by DJ John Brazil soundtrack, packed with Beatles and mergers of classical music and Brazilian MPB. Among the songs played by the DJ, stood out "All you need is love", from the Beatles, and "Samba do Avião" by Tom Jobim. The elements of nature were the inspiration for “synchronized fireworks”, seen in six phases and 16 minutes.
In the “Sun Stage”, among the four stages, John Brazil opened the night and put the entire crowd to dance to their “mash-ups”, a technique that mixes two different rhythms of music within the stage. The master of ceremonies was the Brazilian actor Octaviano, who took in good humor and irreverence, the crowd in front of the stage.
There, throughout the night were also displayed more than 50 images of projections static and moving. The singer Brazilian Samba singer and composer Beth Carvalho, who just launched a new album, entertained the audience with hits like " Coisinha do Pai” and "Andança" as well as new songs.
O Rappa Group also made the audience dance to such hits as "Pescador de Ilusões" and "Minha Alma" and Latino, who recorded a DVD during his show, set fire to the stage with his "kuduro", rhythm directly inspired from Angola for the 2012 New Year's Eve in Copacabana. Already January 1, considered the greatest DJ in the world, Frenchman David Guetta, was one of the main international attractions of the night, took the stage and made the festival audience go wild, playing some of his hits like "I've got a feeling." The party ended in samba, after 3 am, with the Beija-Flor Samba-School, Rio's 2011 Carnival Champion.
On the “Water Stage”, in front of the Santa Clara Street, attractions who electrified the audience were the Brazilian 80´s Rock band “Blitz”, Moraes Moreira MPB composer and “Sargento Pimenta e Baia” samba mix group, and another important Samba-School from Rio.
Surely, it was a magical event, one who 2.5 million people will not forget for a long time!
It is with great honor and enthusiasm we communicate the official launch of www.brazilcarnivalshop.com website. After years of research within the local carnival community and abroad, we noticed the lacking of a detailed site, which truly represented the authenticity of Brazilian Carnival, Samba & festival costumes.
It was our desire to present original carnival & samba costumes of many different categories, made in Brazil, by Brazilian craftsmen using superior quality, allied with sophisticated design. We wanted to show traditional and innovative costumes in full details, describing every element of the costume.
Brazilcarnivalshop.com presents a full portfolio of costume designs, from samba dancing show costumes, to exuberant art costumes, made exclusively for one parade “destaques”, or costume for museums, galleries and special presentations.
We are able to deliver costumes for entire wings upon a specific request, designed to fit your budget and deliver it directly to your address. We also present a catalog of existing costumes ready to be purchased immediately. Finally, we have an express service which can tailor a costume for a specific event and deliver it within 48 hours upon the final briefing request / contact.
We hope you will enjoy the variety of our Art Costumes, Queen of Drums Costumes, Show Girls costumes, Celebrities Costumes, Baianas Costumes, Drummers costumes, any other you might think of, for men and women.
Brazilcarnivalshop.com has partnered with Brazil Carnival Ooah!, (first reference in Google.com.br for “brazil carnival” term) and one of the leading sites in the world for the Brazilian Carnival culture in English, with thousands of unique page views per month. Another partner of this endeavor is Brazil Carnival Twitter , with more than 10K followers, and our Carnival You Tube Channel, which has uploaded 200 Carnival culture related videos.
Finally, www.brazilcarnivashop.comhas partnered exclusively with Carnival Art Director Bruno Villaça, a traditional carnival set & costume designer, whose life is directly linked to the history of Carnival in Rio, (see link). Bruno is a true pioneer in the selling of Brazilian Carnival costumes through the Internet, starting to export costumes back in 2004. He holds an impressive track record of 1800 costumes shipped, for parades, shows, corporate events, contest and entire samba-school wings.
We are already taking orders and offering carnival, samba, and celebrities costumes that fits your budget, starting at US$ 100,00, all the way to those glamorous “Rainhas de Bateria “ costumes of up to US$ 10.000,00.
Hope we could serve you, accepting your thoughts and suggestions.
All the best and long live Carnival!
Brazil Carnival Shop Team: Andre Skowronski - Bruno Villaça - Maria Cristina Skowronski-Flynn
Brazil Carnival 2011 is on its way, and Rio Samba-Schoolsare all getting ready with a series of practices and rehearsals to make sure everything runs smooth on the final dates. Below we show videos involving 3 exciting samba-schools. We hope you enjoy the videos and start getting prepared for the 2011 Brazilian Carnival.
Below, you will see a joint rehearsal promoted by São Clemente Samba School in Rio de Janeiro. They invited the Beija-Flor for this beautiful party with its "sister school" , as they call themselves. Here, legendary Flag-Bearer Selminha Sorrizo from Beija-Flor, and her partner, theSamba host Claudinho, perform a very traditional, but rare to witness ceremony: the exchange of the Samba-school flag banners. Here you will see the Flag Bearer couples dancing their ballet with the banner of the host school, and vice-versa. Really emotional!
The mystery is over: The 2014 FIFA Brazil World Cup is now officially known by all. The emblem submitted today by the local organization committee today, has an obvious reference to the FIFA Cup itself. The event was held in Johannesburg and marked the kickoff for the competition at Brazilian soil.
The 2014 FIFA Brazil World Cup logo is an outline of an image of the World Cup trophy being formed by three hands. The colors are predominantly green and yellow, just as Brazil s Flag with the number 2014 painted in red. Below we see the drawing, which says "FIFA World Cup (FIFA World Cup) in blue and" Brazil "in green.
Below we see the image of 2014 FIFA Brazil World Cup Logo / Emblem.
The choice of this emblem, officially printed on the shirts of all teams which will participate in the World Cup qualifiers and also at the competition to be hosted by Brazil, was put together a committee of notables:
• Ricardo Teixeira: the president of the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF)
• Jerome Valcke: the executive secretary of FIFA,
• Oscar Niemeyer: Legendary Brazilian architect
• Paulo Coelho : Brazilian best seller author Paulo Coelho,
• Ivete Sangalo: Brazil´s pop singer from Bahia
• Gisele Bundchen - model
• Hans Donner: Brazilian Designer
The 2014 Fifa Brazil World Cup Emblem was selected upon suggestions of several design agencies.
2014 Fifa Brazil World Cup Emblem official launch took place at the Sandton Convention Center in Johannesburg, and was attended by the President of Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. Ricado Teixeira, Brazil Football Confederation (CBF) President also attended the event, who heads the local organizing committee and FIFA president Joseph Blatter.
The Carnival Community in Brazil thanks everyone who has participated in this gigantic effort!
More than 500 people worked on this tremendous task to convince the IOC members that Rio and Brazil has the capacity of organizing the 2016 Olympic Summer Games!
The 2016 Summer Olympics, Games of the XXXI Olympiad, are a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The host city of the Games will be announced at the 121st IOC Session (which will also be the 13th Olympic Congress) to be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. The 2016 Summer Paralympics will be held in the same city and organized by the same committee.
The bidding process for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games was officially launched on 16 May 2007. The first step for each city was to submit an initial application to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) by 13 September 2007, confirming their intention to bid. Completed official bid files, containing answers to a 25-question IOC form, were to be submitted by each applicant city by 14 January 2008. Four candidate cities were chosen for the shortlist on 4 June 2008: Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro, and Tokyo (which hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics). The IOC did not promote Doha to the Candidature phase, despite scoring higher than selected candidate city Rio de Janeiro due to their intent of hosting the Olympics in October, outside of the IOC's sporting calendar.
Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco headed the 10 member Evaluation Commission, having also chaired the evaluation commission for the 2012 Summer Olympics bids. The commission made on-site inspections in the second quarter of 2009. They issued a comprehensive technical appraisal for IOC members on 2 September, one month before elections the final selection will be made by the 115 voting members of the IOC membership on 2 October 2009, in Copenhagen, Denmark.
There are many restrictions barring the bidding cities communicating with or influencing directly the 115 voting members.
Cities can't invite any IOC members to visit them and they can't send them anything that can be construed as a gift. However, bidding cities invest large sums in their PR and media programmes in an attempt to indirectly influence the IOC members by garnering domestic support, support from specialist sports media and general international media.
Jon Tibbs, a consultant on the Tokyo bid, was recently quoted as saying “Ultimately, you are communicating with just 115 people and each one has influencers and pressure groups but you are still speaking to no more than about 1,500 people, perhaps 5,000 in the broadest sense. It is not just about getting ads out there but it is about a targeted and very carefully planned campaign.”
The IOC report cited Rio as embracing the "potential power of the games to transform a city, a region and a country" and said the Olympics would leave "a lasting and affordable legacy."
The Rio bid is the most spread-out and most expensive of the four, with a budget of $11.1 billion for capital investments associated with the games.
"The commission is confident that the growing Brazilian economy would be able to support the necessary infrastructure development needed for the delivery of the 2016 Games," the IOC report said.
The IOC also cited Rio's vision of using sport as a "catalyst for social integration" and said the bid had strong public support, financial guarantees from all levels of government, and knowledge and experience from the city's hosting of the 2007 Pan American Games.
Many of may friends have asked me to post some additional photos of Rio do Janeiro from early 20´s century. It is really incredible how Rio grew so fast in terms of population and infra-structure. In 1910 for example, Rio already had a population of 1 million, two hundred thousand people. Famous beaches like Ipanema, Copacabana were practically virgin. Nature overall was barely untouched. If someone asked me in which period you would prefer to live nature wise, I would certainly chose those days!
The architecture as you will see followed much of the European with some oriental lines. Life in those days was definately NO STRESS. People could walk at the sidewalks, parks and beaches in peace with nature.
On another note, finding these Rio do Janeiro old school photos is not an easy task. Unfortunately, some of the "owners" of these pictures keep them locked in a safe. What good does this make to overall population in the world. Do these people really think they will make money on copyrights, even if they are 100 years old??? Makes n sense to me at all. Some of Rio´s government museums also hinder these initiatives to promote old school Rio photos. There are museums which have digitized more than 10,000 pictures of Rio but keep them unpublished!! I hope these 'policies' change and one day the Internet would be able to see what was Rio all about 50, 70, 80 years ago.
Enough of talk and politics! Let´s take a look at these amazing shots!
Above, Old Photo of Botafogo Bay circa 1910
Above, Old Photo of Copacabana Beach circa 1930 - what a trip!
Above, Old Photo of caopacabana beach 1940
Above, Old Photo of Gloria circa 1910
Above, Old Photo of Vending Kiosk circa 1900
Above, Old Photo of Leblon Beach circa 1910! Beautiful!
Above, Old Photo of Copa & Ipanema circa 1910, view from sugar Loaf!
Above, Old Photo of Copacabana Beach circa 1910 - what a trip!
Today Belavista-Rio will talk about one of Rio-de-Janeiro´s true beach classics: the legendary Globo biscuits, or “Biscoitos Globo”, as they are called in Portuguese. To make sure you have the right idea of the importance of these biscuits, not eating them when visiting Rio is similar to going to Mykonos and not trying the Greek gyro. If you have ever been to any of Rio hot beach points, you will surely see locals of all ages eating something. There is a good chance they are eating these crunchy biscuits that crack apart when upon your mouth.
The history of the Globo biscuits or donuts goes back to 1953, when two Brazilians entrepreneurs ironically from São Paulo (and not Rio-de-Janeiro) moved to live in with their cousin who owned a bakery. At this time, the two brothers learned to make the manioc flour donut, which started to be sold at São Paulo streets. In 1954, knowing that huge crowds of people would travel to Rio-de-Janeiro for a Catholic Eucharist Congress, the Ponce brothers decided to try to sell their donuts at the wonder city. The biscuits became an instant success, and based on the enormous sales and characteristics of the biscuits, the Ponce brothers decided that Rio do Janeiro would be the ideal market for their product.
They decided then the manioc flour biscuits needed a name, which was branded with the name of the bakery which at first hired them and ordered the first lot of new biscuit. The name of the bakery was “Padaria Globo” - so they decided for Globo Biscuits. This was 1955, and soon the Globo biscuits started to be sold in other 7 bakeries in town and by independent vendors. What they didn´t expect was that the flour donuts would become a fever at Rio do Janeiro. Suddenly at the Rio beaches, everyone who was hungry, before or after a swim, would end up asking for the Globo donuts at Copacabana, which were sold by independents beach vendors. The biscuit would be preferably accompanied by the Mate herb tea, which added strength and vigor to the snack.
Up until this day, the biscuits are a great success amongst locals and tourists alike.
The air puffed donuts come in two flavors, salty (with a green wrapping) and sweet, (with a red wrapping). Both are really interesting; specially do to its texture. To enhance and eternalize evermore the Globo donuts frenzy, during the last couple of years, several artists developed their creations using the biscuits distinct wrapping design as their inspiration. Towels, beach bags, beach umbrellas and even bikinis were produced with the famous logo. (Please see below:)
As a gift to all of our readers, we will be publish below the official recipe of these mysterious biscuits. Next time in Rio, make sure you don´t miss them!
Polvilho (Manioc flour) Globo-Biscuit Recipe:
3 glasses of sweet manioc flour
A pinch of • salt
• 6 eggs
• 1 oil glass
Preparation: In a pot, mix 1 glass of water, the oil, the salt and light to the fire. Let to boil for 2 minutes and remove. In a big bowl, put the manioc flour and, on him, spill the oil mixture, still hot, and go mixing with a wood spoon. Let to cool for 30 to 40 minutes. Increase to the mass already cold the eggs, one to a, and manipulate for 15 minutes. The mass should be easily a little. Transfer the mass for a confectioner sack with fine beak and make the cookies in an anointed baking pan. Light to roast in very high oven for 15 minutes, or until that it are very dry and slightly gold.
That Rio-de-Janeiro is one of the most marvelous cities in the world, nobody questions. Several architecture, nature and aesthetics prizes and awards have been give to the "city of wonder" or "City of Lure" as been commonly called.
Today, Belavista-Rio will post a series of pictures taken by Harriet Chalmers. For those who aren´t aware, Harriet Chalmers Adams was an American explorer, writer and photographer. She travelled extensively in South America, Asia and the South Pacific in the early 20th century, and published accounts of her journeys in the National Geographic magazine. She lectured frequently on her travels and illustrated her talks with color slides and movies.
Above, a sensational view of the Copacabana beach...just a paradise waiting to be discovered...
She visited Rio-de-Janeiro an took several fabulous pictures in 1919 of the spectacular nature, architecture and daily routine of the Cariocas, name given to those born in Rio.
Harriet Chalmers was described by The New York Times as "America's greatest woman explorer. As a lecturer no one, man or woman, has a more magnetic hold over an audience than she."
Some of the pictures taken by Harriet Chalmers in 1919 were made in tourist locations that are famed until today such as the Sugar Loaf, Copacabana Beach, Lagoa, São Conrado, and Rio-de-Janeiro´s city center.
Below, a fantastic shot of the old days of Brazil
The images surely makes us travel back to those days where streets were peaceful, nature was even more exuberant, and modus vivendi surely European.
Above, another extraordinary photo of the City´s center: Elegance and Beauty.
Rio do Janeiro´s Short History:
Rio was discovered on January (Janeiro) 1, 1502 by Portuguese navigators who mistook the entrance of Guanabara Bay for the mouth of a river (Rio). Sixty years later because French traders in search of pau-brasil (Brazilwood) were routinely "visiting" the area the Portuguese crown established the city of Sao Sebastiao do Rio-de-Janeiro.
After 2 years of bloody conflict the French were expelled and settlers began to cultivate the surrounding fertile lands. In the beginning of the 18th century the city's importance and population increased immensely as it became the main shipping port for gold and diamonds that came from Minas Gerais.
In 1763 the colonial capital of Brazil was transferred from Salvador, Bahia to Rio. In 1808, as Napoleon's armies began the invasion of Portugal, the decision was made to transfer the monarch and his court to Rio do Janeiro, where he would remain until 1821.
Below, a beautiful picture of the Botafogo Bay: This scene was depicted by at least 30 famous painters from Europe and Americas.
During this time Brasil was elevated in status from a colony to United Kingdom with Portugal. With the advent of Independence Rio became the capital of the new empire. The city prospered economically, and by 1891 it had a population of over 500,000 inhabitants ranking it one of the largest cities in the world.
As the city grew in prominence mountains were removed, bay water reclaimed, and skyscrapers constructed.
Below, the Rodrigo Freitas Lagoon...amazing picture.
With the inauguration of Brasilia in 1960, the city of wonder ceased to be Brazil's capital. Even today discussion is rife concerning whether Rio was improved or hurt by the transfer of the government.
Below, an ice-cream vendor of the early century called Ya-Ya. Great design!
In any event, this second largest city in Brazil is still a major cultural capital and, to some extent, its "emotional" capital as well. Rio do Janeiro has a majestic beauty, with built-up areas nestled between a magnificent bay and dazzling beaches on one side and an abruptly rising mountain range, covered by a luxuriant tropical forest, on the other.
Below, Sao Conrado view in the beginning of the century.
This unique landscape makes Rio one of the most beautiful cities in the world, justifying its title of "Marvelous City" (Cidade Maravilhosa). Rio's cultural life is intense and varied. Perhaps at no time is the city's festive reputation better displayed than during the annual carnaval which enlivens the city for 3 solid days with music, singing, parties, balls, and desfiles (street parades of brilliantly-costumed dancers performing the samba.)
Lapa picture above, was already a hot spot of town, with thorough commerce.
Economically it is a service industry center, a key financial center, and the producer of foodstuffs, building materials, electrical equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, beverages, and textiles. But it is in the pursuit of leisure that Rio is outstanding.
Above, a picture of Leme Beach, with no construction almost.
With its world famous beaches free to all (such as Copacabana and Ipanema), its splendid bay, one of the loveliest in the world, and its wonderful climate, a blend of summer and springtime, Rio do Janeiro is a city that lives in and for the sun. Its population is around 5,750,000 inhabitants.
Street Vendor where already common those days...Many of them came as immigrants from several countries.
Av. Niemayer in 1985, very old picture and car too! It was probably an expedition those days to go to Sao Conrado!
Below, another great photo of street vendor early century...
Starting this month, Belavista-Rio will start a new series on Brazil 2014 FIFA World Cup. We will be describing most of the 2014 Brazil World Cup developments such as stadium renovations, investments in infra-structure and historical facts. Brazil hosted the 1950 FIFA World Cup which was historic, but sad for us Brazilians since we lost at the Final for Uruguay by 2 X 1 in a legendary game.
We believe most soccer fans all around the world are eager to know what goes on at the backstage of Brazil 2014 World Cup. At Belavista Brazil Carnival Blog, this is what we promiss to deliver so when the Cup finally arrives, you can have all data you need.
In the first article, we will write a full retrospective about all the Official FIFA World Cup Posters from 1930 to 2006. The post in under research and should be posted next week. For now, please read the about FIFA South Africa´s 2010 World Cup Official Poster Ceremony:
The official 2010 FIFA World Cup™ poster was unveiled on 23 November 2007 following a board meeting of the Local Organising Committee in Durban. The poster was designed by the South African creative agency Switch, who also created the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ emblem. The design beat three rivals in a public vote held throughout South Africa from 11 September to 30 September 2007. As the lucky winner in a lottery among all of the voters, South African Marilyn Rhoda was presented with a prize of two 2010 FIFA World Cup™ tickets provided by official sponsor MTN.
"Portraying a country in the shape of a man heading a ball is a new idea with potent symbolism. For me, football is all about emotion and passion, which is why I was particularly attracted to this poster. It invites the world to join in the celebration of the greatest football event on earth, while highlighting the pride and passion of the African continent and her people. It represents the African dream come true. The South Africans made a good selection for the poster, which will represent their country all the way up to 2010," said FIFA President Joseph S. Blatter.
For the first time in football history, the FIFA World Cup™ will be hosted on African soil from 11 June to 11 July 2010. The artwork depicts a celebration of the African continent as well as everyone who calls it home. The simple and yet iconic rendering is symbolic of the relationship between football and Africa and captures a sense of excitement, awe and aspiration. It also reflects the positive impact that the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ will have on Africa. Africa is the "hero" of the official event poster. The unique shape of the continent almost naturally lends itself to the shape of a man's profile, while the face represents every single African supporter from Morocco in the north, Gambia in the east, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia in the west to South Africa in the south.
"The official poster symbolises the important role of football in the history, tradition and culture of the African continent. It's also a recognition that football has always been an inspiration for a better future and a generator of hope in Africa. It recognises that Africa has a football face and a football heart," explained Danny Jordaan, CEO of the 2010 FIFA World Cup Organising Committee.
Bright, vibrant and celebratory, the colours of the poster are inspired by the South African flag, but also draw upon the African continent. The strong yellow background symbolises the sun as the source of warmth, energy and life.
From a total of 16 creative entries, all submitted by South African-based agencies, three proposals had been pre-selected for the public vote by South African residents. The jury was made up of FIFA General Secretary Jérôme Valcke, CEO of the 2010 South African Local Organising Committee Danny Jordaan, Minister in the South African Presidency Essop Pahad, Deputy Finance Minister Jabu Moleketi, South African playwright and author Wally Serote, and artist and director of the Vega School of Brand Communication Gordon Cook. Following on from the 2006 FIFA World Cup™ in Germany, this was the second time that residents of the host country have been actively involved in the selection of the official event poster.
Today we will talk in about one bird in Rio-de-Janeiro considered as one of the city´s favorite icon: the frigate bird or man-o'-war bird. Since the discovery of Rio-de-Janeiro, the frigate birds of Rio de Janeiro, here called as “Gaivotas”, have been drawing attention by naturalists, biologist, adventurous, and nature lovers in general. Please read below a scientific excerpt of the Frigate Bird from Columbia Encyclopedia.
Man-o'-war bird or frigate birds most aerial of the water birds, found in the tropic seas. The man-o'-war bird's wingspread (7 1/2 ft/228.5 cm) is the largest in proportion to its body (3-4 lb/1.4-1.8 kg) of any bird. It can soar motionless by the hour and has been recorded in flights lasting nearly four days, spending most of that time several hundred feet or more in the air. It is awkward on land and in the sea, where the feathers quickly become water-logged. Here in Brazil, the frigate birds of Rio de Janeiro are translated into Portuguese as “Gaivotas” and inspired several composers and Brazilian Poets.
Above, great photo of a man-o-war bird taken in Rio by Netmark from Flickr.
These frigate birds of Rio de Janeiro can be seen regularly at most beaches like Ipanema, Leblon, Flamengo, Copacabana and Urca to the amusement of locals and tourists. Its name derives from its grace and swiftness in the air and from its piratical tendencies; it harasses boobies, pelicans, cormorants, and gulls until they drop their catch. Man-o'-war birds feed chiefly on fish but also prey on the young of sea birds and on jellyfish, squid, and young turtles. They have long hooked beaks and forked tails; the male has an inflatable orange throat pouch that becomes red at courtship. Amongst Brazilians and ,native Cariocas and surfers, the frigate birds of Rio de Janeiro are also a symbol for liberty and freedom.
Please see below this fantastic photo of a Gaviota taken in Rio by Rafael Sieber from Flickr.
The purplish black magnificent frigate-bird, Fregata magnificens, 40 in. (100 cm) long, is found from the Bahamas and Baja California S to Brazil and Ecuador; the great frigate-bird, F. minor, is found in the Indian Ocean. Other species, e.g., the Ascension and Christmas Island frigate-birds, are named for their habitats. The lesser frigate-bird, the smallest (32 in./80 cm) of the family, is found in the South Pacific and on the islands off Brazil and Madagascar.
Above, a picture of a flock of Frigate Birds taken by CSERFATY within Rio-de-JaneiroState. This photo shows us the gaivotas can also fly in a large group!
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition | 2008 | The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright 2008 Columbia University Press.